As the rooms got deeper another heading was driven from room to room to leave pillars (or stoops) about 20 yards (18 m) square behind. The last such was the day before the explosion when a miner was fined £2 (equivalent to £205in 2019 [lower-alpha 6] ) for opening his lamp. Andrew Robertson, collier aged 20 years of 14, Calder Street, Dixons Rows. married to Hannah Harviston 1878 March 5th about 3pm No 3 Pit, Dixon's After helping down Gerrity, Patterson had returned to the engine house and seen that the indicator now showed 7 fathoms (42 ft; 13 m) although the cage had not moved in the meantime. When he went in his attention was drawn to the indicator, and he found the pointer indicated seven fathoms from the top. Richard Ross, collier aged 30 years, Cemetery Walk, High Blantyre. Thomas McDonald, collier aged 29 years of Gardeners Place. The air circuit at 3,500 yards (3,200 m) might not be considered excessive, but when both pits are added the total circuit was 8,096 yards (7,403 m). Wright explained that he could view the pits from his window and at 9am: "A sudden flash darted up from the most distant shaft, accompanied by debris and a report not very loud; then arose from the shaft nearest to us a dense volume of smoke, 'the blackness of darkness,' which spread itself, a terrible funeral pall, over the surrounding plain. As to the cause, there might have been an interruption to the ventilation by a fall in the main air course on the south side but this fall might have occurred after the blast.
After going home to clean up and change Cleland was observed heading across the fields towards Glasgow but was overtaken by a policeman and arrested. 5 or more killed, the definition used by the Durham Mining Museum. George Dinsdale, miner aged 21 years, married with one child, burned and suffocated and had a broken right knee and ankle. At other places the bodies were burned but there was no burning of the coal at the face. We believe that it worked correctly both before and after the fatal occurrence.
Most of the deaths these days occur in developing countries, and rural parts of developed countries where safety measures are not practiced as fully.
Two engineers called for the defence at the trial also criticised the method of attaching the indicator as "not proper" and "not ... to be the best mode known to engineers". On this day October 22, 1877 Scotland's worst ever coal mining disaster occurred.
Michael Quin, miner aged 21 years of Aitkenheads land, High Blantyre, severely burned and suffocated. Parents Peter Currie Chemical works labourer dec & Madge
He, a group of men, and shortly afterwards Mr Watson (the manager) proceeded up the communication mine into number 1 pit's workings. , The following day, Tuesday 23 October, an underground engine at the upcast was adapted to assist the ventilation. In strong contrast too with the explosion, the cause of the present occurrence is not difficult to seek. 2 and No.  There is also a memorial to the Catholic miners killed in the disaster of October 1877 which is located in Dalbeath Cemetery, London Road, Glasgow.
There was a large attendance of miners and Mr. Warren appeared to watch the proceedings on behalf of Messrs. Dixon. When asked why they had done this they said that there was a little firedamp near the roof but the presence of the gas was not entered into the report book. Michael Cairns, collier aged 29 years of 48, Dixon Street, Dixopns Rows. The night fireman was David Hendry. By Mr Mackintosh â Witness never examined the indicator of the winding apparatus.
Thomas Lucas, collier aged 24 years identified by his brothers James and Francis. If an engine were to set to work after such a loosening, it would go alright until it came to the bottom, but it would slip back in coming up the other side. The whole of the bodies were placed in coffins supplied by Mr Wallace, Hamilton, and after identification they were removed to their respective homes by friends, many of whom had by this time flocked to the pit mouth. John Pickering, overman in the No.2 pit and it was his duty to see that everything was in proper working order. 24 feet (7.3 m) by 8 feet (2.4 m) working the splint coal. He thought that the blast had cone from the rise workings and he had seen the fall between the Martins level and Clyde’s dook but when he was there it had been cleared away. He was not bred an engineer; his experience had only been the taking charge of engines at pitheads. John Cavanagh, collier aged 18 years, identified by his brother Thomas and Patrick Kelly.  It was known that firedamp was present in the pit and it is likely that this was ignited by a naked flame. The Houghnies â father and son â and the lad Hopkins, who lodged with them, were until lately employed as miners in the county of Durham, and neither of the three had been at work in the Blantyre Collieries for more than eight days. The third was Allan, who remained on the cage and was saved. How indelibly it is engraven on our memory. Exploration of the south workings was stopped by falls and afterdamp. John Spiers, collier aged 15 years of Barnhill, identified by George Spiers and James Gibson, his aunt. It is one of the biggest industrial disasters in the country's history and it was caused by a firedamp explosion. James KcKinnon, colier aged 34 years of Gladstone Street, Burnbank left a widow and three children. Thomas White, collier aged 37 aged of Larkhill, left a wife and five children, identified by two daughters. , Numbers 2 and 5 shafts were close to each other, within 30 yards (27 m). through being precipitated to the pit bottom by the overturning of the
Four main districts were formed in the splint coal: Conditions in the mine were held to be poor by the colliers. [lower-alpha 4] The route to number 3 pit ("More's dook") appeared to be free of falls but was full of chokedamp. After the ventilation had been restored, 12 hours later, there was still enough gas in the mine to cause an explosion and he thought that the gas must have accumulated for days or weeks before the explosion and that the falls allowed gas to accumulate in cavities in the roof. Yew Tree Colliery was a coal mine operating on the Manchester Coalfield after 1845 in Tyldesley, Greater Manchester, then in the historic county of Lancashire, England. Samuel Gardner, collier aged 21 of Priestfield Terrace identified by his father and Newton and Jane Marshall or Wright an aunt who lost a husband and a son. The final stage in extraction was "stooping". 3 pit, High Blantyre collieries, belonging to William Dixon Co Ltd, six men were killed in a cage accident. Reg by Michael Haughney,brother, Inkermann on March 8th 1878Martin Haughney, He had never noticed it so loose before". Patrick McGribbens, collier aged 58 years of Parkhead, Glasgow. William Sharp, aged 64 years, identified by his daughter-in-law and his son.
Brother of James and son of Thomas. William Babes aged 41 years of East Kilbride, married with seven children and was burnt and suffocated.
William Fricleton, collier aged 22 years of Gladstone Street, Burnbank. Hugh Aucherlonie, miner aged 41 years of Udstone.
Parents , Cleland was charged with culpable homicide and tried at the High Court in Glasgow on 24 April. When the cage arrived at the landing place, it didn't stop, but went right up as far as the pulleys until it came violently into contact with cross-beams. Parties descended the blind pit into the main coal and other parties searched the north workings and both reported all was well. Chatterley Whitfield Colliery is a disused coal mine on the outskirts of Chell, Staffordshire in Stoke on Trent. A private in the 26th. The official investigation tentatively suggested that shot firing had displaced the gas towards the area where men were smoking and that a naked flame there triggered off the explosion.. The mine owner erected a 5.5-metre-tall granite monument to mark the two explosion disasters. None of the workmen were sent out of the mine when shots were fired. After the dead bodies had been recovered from the workings, Messrs Dixon's officials set to work with great energy to restore the mine, and on 1st December both Nos 2 and 3 pits were reopened.
Once John White, the oversman, had been summoned an attempt was made to lower the cage, but it stuck. Alexander Watt was the fireman for the district where the fall alluded to already occurred and in doing his rounds he might have gone past the place where the fall happened. 3 pit was 155 fathoms deep and the shaft went through the Ell coal with no workings off it. A worm screw indicator informs the engineer of the position of the cage in the shaft and when it reaches the top. bottom by the overturning of the cage which came in contact with the Whether anything happened to disarrange the indicator when the accident occurred will, of course, be strictly inquired into. Another Colliery Disaster At Blantyre â Six Men Killed. The cages and ropes had been damaged, so an attempt at descending was made in a "kettle", basically a large bucket. It had been in operation about two years, and was considered a good one of its kind. Allan Sterling, aged 22 years of New Houses, Earnock, died of burns and suffocation. None being discovered, and the bodies of the six men being all recovered from the "sump" they were taken to the surface and placed in coffins. William Boyle, collier aged 47 years of 8, Hall Street, Dixons Row who left a widow and only son in the pit and was identified by James Mcguire and John Henderson. The downcast No. He could not say why it was not entered. When he inspected the workings after the explosion, he found a lamp without the top near a man’s body in the No.2 level. Near there no blasting was permitted and all lamps had to be "gauze lamps". 3 of William Dixon Ltd’s Blantyre Colliery. Shaft 1 continued to work the ell coal. The explosion extended through miles of the workings and was very violent. A cage containing seven occupants was being raised to the surface when, by what is known as over-winding, it was drawn over the âwhorlesâ and wrecked, six of those within being precipitated down the shaft and killed and only one man escaping, singularly enough without a scratch. In 1882 an underground explosion killed 13 men and in 1909 another explosion killed 168 men. At 05:30 the regular workmen started to descend. According to his account there were only three men on the cage, which was partially upset, at the time he observed it. William Wilson, collier aged 17 years of 55, Calder Street, Dixons Rows, son of Hugh and identified by two uncles. 3 there is the statutory communication, and reached No. On 22 October the early shifts of more than 230 men had gone down the mine as usual at 5.30am. Edward Smith, collier aged 22 years of Larkfield, identified by his brothers. The report states: "These gauze or safety lamps were not Davy lamps, but of a kind in common use throughout Scotland.
Richard Cook, miner aged 50 years, married, father of Thomas and James left two other children. Stachan, advocate and Mr. Lucas, writer of Glasgow, appeared for certain of the deceased’s relatives. Once John White, the oversman, had been summoned an attempt was made to lower the cage, but it stuck.
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