", "Thou hast the keys of Paradise, oh just, subtle, and mighty opium! Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).
at his absent nemesis, that's also a use of apostrophe.
Also known as a turne tale, aversio, and aversion, apostrophes are more often found in poetry than in prose.
3. In addition to being a punctuation mark, an apostrophe is a figure of speech in which some absent or nonexistent person or thing is addressed as if present and capable of understanding.
Queen Isabel in, This page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at 16:04. It is an exclamatory figure of speech. Even as early as Grecian times when Homer wrote "The Odyssey," apostrophes were used as literary devices to break from addressing the primary audience to instead speak to a third party, with the relatively impersonal narrator occasionally butting in to break the third wall and inform the audience members of some plot device they may have missed. ", In Edgar Allen Poe's works, he distinctly speaks to a raven sitting "upon the sculptured bust above his chamber door as if it could understand him in the poem of the same name, and in the poem "To One in Paradise," he starts out addressing his love (absent from the scene) thus: "Thou wast all that to me, love. While the regular apostrophe you knew is a punctuation mark, the one that we are discussing now is a figure of speech, an arrangement of words.
2. ", "Then come, sweet death, and rid me of this grief."  In dramatic works and poetry written in or translated into English, such a figure of speech is often introduced by the vocative exclamation, "O". Apostrophe happens in Shakespeare's "Sonnet 18" as the narrator starts out speaking to an absent "thee": "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, act 3, scene 1, The Norton Anthology of English Literature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Apostrophe_(figure_of_speech)&oldid=981318949, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "O death, where is thy sting? Well get more of that later. In modern times, television shows—especially comedies—often use this feature to call out to their audiences. For example, in William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, Mark Antony addresses the corpse of Caesar in the speech that begins: Another example is in the first stanza of William Wordsworth’s poem “Ode to Duty”: Corrections?
In the smash #1 hit by the doo-wop group the Marcels from 1961, the "Blue Moon" is addressed: "Blue moon, you saw me standing alone/without a dream in my heart, without a love of my own.". ", "Roll on, thou dark and deep blue Ocean – roll! In this case, the apostrophe speaks directly to an inanimate star "up above the world so high," personifying it and pondering how it's doing.
Sometimes, exclamation used in it. Figures of Speech: The Apostrophe as a Literary Device. Apostrophe, the figure of speech, should not be confused with apostrophe, the punctuation mark. Come, let me clutch thee! Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks.
I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. Hamlet calls out to the abstraction "frailty" in Act 1: "Frailty, thy name is woman! This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die.
An apostrophe is a form of personification that essayist Brendan McGuigan describes in "Rhetorical Devices" as "a forceful, emotional device" most ideally used in "creative writing and persuasive essays that lean heavily on emotional strength." in a play) and directs speech to a third party such as an opposing litigant or some other individual, sometimes absent from the scene. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. What is apostrophe?
Apostrophe, and figures of speech in general, are what we call literary devices, which means that it is a technique that a writer uses to produce a special effect in their general writing.
Apostrophe (Greek ἀποστροφή, apostrophé, "turning away"; the final e being sounded) is an exclamatory figure of speech. In the movie "Cast Away," to keep from losing his mind, the character Chuck Noland, played by Tom Hanks, talks to a volleyball, Wilson. As a form of direct address to an inanimate object, apostrophe serves to further poetic imagery and often emphasizes the emotional weight of objects in our everyday world. Such is the case when characters on "Battlestar Galactica" call out "Frakking toasters" every time something goes wrong on the spaceship, with the toasters in questions being the humanoid Cylons whose goal is to destroy the remaining human population on board. It occurs when a speaker breaks off from addressing the audience (e.g. Fortunately, it doesn't talk back.
An apostrophe is a figure of speech in which some absent things or dead person is directly addressed as it is present and able of understanding.
Next time you're watching your favorite television show, take a moment to see if you can spot any clever usage of apostrophes from the characters—you might be shocked at how often this figure of speech is utilized to help actors convey their messages to audiences. The definition of apostrophe as a Again do I vow vengeance" from "Frankenstein" to Simon & Garfunkel's hit smash "The Sound of Silence" ("Hello darkness, my old friend,/I’ve come to talk with you again"). ", "To what green altar, O mysterious priest, / Lead'st thou that heifer lowing at the skies, / And all her silken flanks with garlands drest? To provide a bit of context, look no further than the famous poem by Jane Taylor turned modern-day nursery rhyme "The Star," written in 1806, which calls out to the celestial body of a star saying, "Twinkle, twinkle, little star,/How I wonder what you are."
For example, in William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, Mark Antony addresses the corpse of Caesar in the speech that begins: O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, That I am meek and gentle with these butchers!
O grave, where is thy victory?
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. However, McGuigan goes on to say that "in formal persuasive and informative essays, using apostrophe might seem a bit melodramatic and distracting.".
Categorically, apostrophe fits into the English vernacular as part of the irony family alongside aporia—a figure of speech in which the speaker expresses real or simulated doubt on a topic—wherein the speaker of an apostrophe obviously understands that the subject cannot truly understand the words but instead uses the speech to emphasize his or her description of that object.
The word \"apostrophe,\" which comes from ancient Greek, literally means \"turning away,\" because to perform apostrophe on stage, an actor turns away from the scene to address an absent entity. The device is also used in the carol "Oh Christmas Tree" as people sing not only about the cherished holiday topiary but to it.
", Just as in poetry, the literary device comes up in song often, such as any time that the words are directed to someone not able to hear. in a play) and directs speech to a third party such as an opposing litigant or some other individual, sometimes absent from the scene. Poets may apostrophize a beloved, the Muse, God, love, time, or any other entity that can't respond in reality. Apostrophe, a rhetorical device by which a speaker turns from the audience as a whole to address a single person or thing. "O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth,
", "O black night, nurse of the golden eyes! In dramatic works and poetry written in or translated into English, such a figure of speech is often introduced by the … The figure of speech serves a vital function in everyone from Mary Shelley's works ( "Scoffing devil!
Apostrophe, a rhetorical device by which a speaker turns from the audience as a whole to address a single person or thing.
More commonly known as a punctuation mark, apostrophe can also refer to an exclamatory figure of speech. Updates?
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